By S. m. Drobenkov
This publication summarizes the result of a long term research of amphibian distribution, ecology and morphology within the Republic of Belarus. For all amphibian species reminiscent of Triturus vulgaris, T. cristatus, Bombina bombina, Pelobates fuscus, Bufo bufo, B. viridis, B. calamita, Hyla arborea, Rana temporaria, R. arvalis, R. ridibunda, R. lessonae and Rana esculenta, geographical and habitat distribution, assemblage constitution, feeding, task, replica and improvement are defined. particular research of morphological version and the differentiation of populations by way of panorama areas are given. neighborhood difficulties of anthropogenic strain and technique of species conservation are mentioned. The ebook can also serve a consultant to the amphibians of Belarus and should good be utilized by either experts and amateurs.
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Additional resources for Amphibians of Belarus
Bufo), reptiles (Natrix natrix), mammals (Ondatra zibethica, Lutra lutra, Mustela lutreola). Cannibalism is common in the forms of larva – larva, larva – egg and adult – metamorphs. The Pool Frog is resistant to anthropogenic factors. It successfully adapts to modified conditions of transformed landscapes. It permanently occurs in ponds in large cities, and quite often is numerous in fishery ponds, water storage reservoirs and drainage channels. Urbanizaton of natural landscapes, destruction of ponds and building of the concrete embankments in urban water bodies are negative effect on the populations.
Metamorphosing tadpole of Bufo calamita (Zasulie, Vileika). THE AMPHIBIANS OF BELARUS 35 Table 10. Body proportions of Bufo calamita from the territory of Belarus (n=153). 3 m) and warm during the day, and as a rule, vegetation is lacking. These are mainly reservoirs of anthropogenic origin such as sandpits filled with water, fire-fighting basins, dumps, modified channels, and temporary puddles on agricultural fields. Rather often (ca. 40%) this species and the Green Toad occur in the same pools, but other amphibians seldom occur there.
Similarly to other species of green frogs, the Pool Frog is found to riparian areas. In coastal ecosystems of Belarus the population density of the Pool Frog usually varies from 5–10 to 80 individuals/100 m of shoreline. Tadpoles feed mainly on algae (Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta). Diptera and their larvae prevail in the food of metamorphs. , 1977). 7%. 2%) and some other prey were found (Padutov, 1983). Pool Frogs also eat fish spawn and young fishes in fishery ponds. This species has many natural enemies: different species of fishes, amphibians (R.