By M. Tendahl
A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by way of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid conception exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and risk of attaining a broader and extra life like concept of our knowing.
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Additional info for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
It has been shown that word learning largely depends on theory-of-mind abilities and that this specialized instance of a theory of mind might even predate other instances of mind-reading (cf. Baldwin 1995; Tomasello 1992; Bloom 2000). Dan Sperber (2000c), very much in line with his modular view of the mind, therefore speculates that we may have more than one theory-of-mind mechanism (ToMM) with one being responsible for communication. Happé and Loth (2002), for example, carried out an experiment showing that preschool children apparently find The Relevance-Theory Approach to Metaphor 35 it easier to identify a false belief in a word-learning task than in a standard false-belief test.
As instances of physical co-presence, linguistic co-presence and community membership), I would rather suggest a purely cognitive and epistemological view as proposed by relevance theorists. It does not really count that, for example, a candle is in the co-presence or potential co-presence of two people. What really counts is the mental representation that these people have of the candle. Imagine the following interchange between Nicole and Gary at a candlelit dinner: (32) Nicole: Red candles always make me dreamy.
Wilson (2000: 423) remarks that ‘an assumption cannot be known or believed without being explicitly represented; but it can be manifest to an individual if it is merely capable of being non-demonstratively inferred’. In a footnote, Wilson (2000: footnote 1) adds that assumptions which have not been represented before must ‘at least be deducible from assumptions explicitly represented’. Thus, manifest assumptions need not have been represented before, although, of course, they may have been, and furthermore they may be the outcome of a non-logical process.