By Vít Bubeník
This monograph goals to shut the space in our wisdom of the character and velocity of grammatical switch in the course of the formative interval of todays Indo-Aryan languages. in the course of the 6th-12th c. the slow erosion of the artificial morphology of outdated Indo-Aryan resulted eventually within the remodelling of its syntax towards the hot Indo-Aryan analytic type.
This learn concentrates at the emergence and improvement of the ergative development when it comes to the passive-to-ergative reanalysis and the co-existence of the ergative development with the outdated and new analytic passive structures. particular recognition is paid to the actuation challenge visible because the tug of conflict among conservative and eliminative forces in the course of their improvement. different chapters care for the evolution of grammatical and lexical element, causativization, modality, absolute structures and subordination.
This learn is predicated on a wealth of recent info gleaned from unique poetic works in Apabhraṃśa (by Svayaṃbhādeva, Puṣpadanta, Haribhadra, Somaprabha et al.). It includes sections facing descriptive recommendations of Medieval Indian grammarians (esp. Hemacandra). all of the Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa examples are continuously parsed and translated.
The opus is solid within the theoretical framework of practical Grammar of the Prague and Amsterdam faculties. it's going to be of specific curiosity to students and scholars of Indo-Aryan and common historic linguistics, particularly these drawn to the problems of morphosyntactic switch and typology of their sociohistorical environment.
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Extra resources for A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa)
This vernacular koine became the third choice the contemporary writers had for their creations. But let us return to Medieval India and assess the three functional varieties for literary production diachronically. In diachronic perspective these three synchronically available varieties of IA are a product of the elevation to the literary status of formerly spoken varieties: Classical Sanskrit during the early MIA period, followed by Prakrits during the MIA period, and lastly by Apabhramsa at the end of the MIA period.
In Sanskrit plays it is spoken by women and the Vidūsaka "clown, jester". Apart from these passages there are no independent literary works in Śaurasenī. The following are its three main features: i) As in Maharastii the three sibilants of OIA merged into one dental sibilant. ii) Intervocalic stops are reduced to zero with the exception of the voiced dental stop (plain or murmured) whether the original or arising from the voiceless one (OIA gata "gone", Mah gaa but Ś gada; OIA jīvatha "you live", Mah jīvaha but Ś jīvadha).
Other salient features of SvAp are claimed to be 'harmonized' genitival suffixes -aha, -ihi, -uhu (vs. -aho, -ihe, -uho of DigAp); Instr Sg -e/ina (and later on -i) in SvAp (vs. -e/ina, -ē/ĩ in DigAp); the absence of va-sruti and non-elision of v and m before u in SvAp (vs. the occurrence of these two phenomena in DigAp). 1. At this point we have to consider the salient innovative features of Apabhrarnsa vis-a-vis its earlier Prakrit stage (sometimes called Second MIA stage). I want to make only broadest statements about phonology, morphology and morphosyntax (for details the reader is referred to Bubenik 1996).