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Download A Grammar of Mani by G. Tucker Childs PDF

By G. Tucker Childs

ISBN-10: 3110264978

ISBN-13: 9783110264975

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Example text

Subjects, however, never identified the palatal glide as an approximant in this position but always as a vowel. When the vowel was one of the back rounded vowels, it could also be realized as a glide, in this case the labialvelar glide [w]. In only a few words, however, did subjects recognize the labialvelar glide as a phonemic glide rather than as a vowel, and then only after the velar: kwa 'oil', kwe 'take'. The few phonetic sequences of C[w], which subjects did not feel were sequences of CV, have been treated as consonant clusters, even though treating them as CC sequences complicates the statement of syllable structure in (24).

Ko 'to' vs. k~ 'go' t6n 'few' vs. t5n 'bathe' /"/ vs. /a/: c6l 'night' vs. cal 'sit' t6n 'bathe' vs. tan 'rise' Generally speaking, the two highest vowels, front and back, are likely to be confused with each other because of their proximity in the acoustico-perceptual space. 11 Both (/e/ and /o/) are closer than their cardinal counterparts and were often confused with /if and lui. Another source of confusion arises when the (non-low) peripheral vowels are heard before codas filled with sonorants, particularly before nasals.

T5k 'tree' d5kal 'cultivate' vs. d5k6l 'bind' /~/ vs. /a/: t~k 'stwnp' vs. tak 'split' coo 'two' vs. can 'tooth' lui vs. /o/: bid 'one' vs. b6l 'head' pul 'ashes' vs. pol 'light' /o/vs. /"/: ko 'to' vs. k~ 'go' t6n 'few' vs. t5n 'bathe' /"/ vs. /a/: c6l 'night' vs. cal 'sit' t6n 'bathe' vs. tan 'rise' Generally speaking, the two highest vowels, front and back, are likely to be confused with each other because of their proximity in the acoustico-perceptual space. 11 Both (/e/ and /o/) are closer than their cardinal counterparts and were often confused with /if and lui.

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